Preventing Heat Related Illness

Preventing Heat Related Illness



With the temperatures rising during the summer months throughout Florida, it is extremely important to take the steps necessary to prevent heat-related illnesses such as heat stress, exhaustion and stroke.  More than 3,000 people are seen in emergency rooms each year for heat-related illnesses.

Heat exhaustion can develop ater exposure to high temperatures and not drinking enough water.  Those who are most vulnerable are the elderly, infants and small children, and individuals with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, and individuals working or exercising in a hot environment.

Warning signs of heat exhaustion vary, but may include:

* Heavy Sweating

* Paleness

* Muscle Cramps                                                                                 

* Tiredness                                                                                      

* Weakness

* Dizziness

* Headache

* Nausea or Vomitting

* Fainting

* Moist and Cool Skin

* Fast and Weak Pulse

* Fast and Shallow Breathing


If heat exhaustion is suspected, cooling measures that may be effective include:

* Drinking cool, non-alcoholic beverages as directed by a physician

* Resting in an air-conditioned environment.

* Taking a cool shower, bath or sponge bath.


If left untreated, heat exhaustion may progress to heat stroke, which occurs when the body becomes unable to control its temperature.  Immediately seek medial attention if any of these symptoms are present:

* Hot, dry skin or profuse sweating                                                 

* Throbbing Headache

* Confusion/Dizziness

* Hallucinations

* Chills

* High Body Temperature

* Slurred Speech



1. Drink Plenty of Fluids- When you sweat, it is 99% water so you need to replenish it. Do not drink alcohol or large amounts of sugar as in soda or fruit juice, and stay away from caffeinated beverages.

2. Limit outside activity to morning and evening hours. Be cautious and stay out of the sun when exercising between 10 and 4 pm.  Children and Seniors with health problems should stay inside or in the coolest area's during these hours.

3. Rest often in shady areas or remain inside in an air conditioned space.

4. Dress for Summer by wearing lightweight, light colored, and loose fitting clothing to reflect heat and sun.  Wear wide-brimmed hats to shade the sun.

5. Protect your eyes and skin by wearing sunglasses and sunscreen.  

6. DO NOT LEAVE CHILDREN OR PETS IN AN UNATTENDED VEHICLE because the temperatures can reach 135 degrees in less that ten minutes.


Information provided courtesy of the Florida Department of Health.

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Contact Information

Flerlage Team
RE/MAX Alliance Group
1314 B East Venice Ave
Venice FL 34285
Fax: 941-244-5354